Monitoring maintains transparencyMonday March 5th, 2018
The regulations of the Forestry Code, published with a year late, it is still not enough to guarantee the success of your main instrument, the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR). In the assessment of the institutions that make up the Center’s Forest Code, lack transparency, preparation in the state and local levels to implement and oversee the registration, as well as legal uncertainty remain.
Created to record the environmental situation of each of the more than 5.4 million of the country properties using georeferencing (coordinates from satellite images), registration has the function to map and find that landowners have an obligation to restore native vegetation and compel them to do so on pain of loss of access to rural credit from 2017 and refusal to permit productive activities.
If done right, the CAR can show who deforested illegally and need to recover forests. But although there is in other countries long ago, Brazil runs the risk of failing to do his with the necessary security to be credible. Or worse, failing to validate it. The analyzes and studies presented at the 23rd, in Sao Paulo, when the Center’s Forest Code invited experts from around the country for a day of balance within the program of the Live Forest SOS Atlantic Forest Foundation, form a worrying picture.
Secrecy for large loggers
The federal government is not sharing the information SICAR , a registration system from satellite images, available since May 6, in which producers of the states that have not CAR itself declare the status of their properties: “In Rio de January, the Ministry of the Environment informed the state government that the number of entries made so far is good, but not yet provided passwords to the state, which does not know who and how many are enrolled landowners. ”
The names of the registered owners will not be disclosed and access to this data is restricted, which will prevent the names of major loggers become public and hamper the monitoring of civil society.
Situation in the states
Through the system Inovacar CAR implementation of monitoring of the Amazon created by Conservation International (CI) and consultations with states through the Access to Information Law, the Code of the Center obtained information from 17 states. The conclusion is that “no state has human resources or infrastructure specifically geared to the CAR and are not ready to comply with the legislation,” says Gabriela Savian, Project Coordinator at Conservation International.
In São Paulo, as the government has not created its Environmental Adjustment Plan (PRA) with the rules and deadlines for those going to regenerate, replant or compensate native vegetation areas, the caucus presented a bill for the PRA attempts to further easing the Code: “Twenty percent of the territory is SP Cerrado and the project interprets the Cerrado, a very degraded biome, is not protected. Does not provide criteria for the recovery basins and has a dubious concept of what is rural property, “complains Roberto Resende, president of the NGO Green Initiative campaign to prevent the approval of the project .
Goias has already approved law that limits the protection of the Cerrado from 2006. Mario Mantovani, director of public policy at the SOS Atlantic Forest Foundation, believes that it is necessary to mobilize society: “This story of the CNA (National Confederation of Agriculture) that forest code was reduced to fights environmentalists and large farmers destroyed the reaction of society. The same crisis is happening now between Indians and farmers. ”
Turning the game
How to declare the CAR is not so simple – the designs of properties are realized from GPS coordinates, Mantovani believes unprepared to assist the registration in the states “small, which are 80% of farmers and have only 20% of the land they are precisely the ones that will not have the CAR acknowledged.
Even overcome the barrier of access tool designed to make the CAR, it validation is also unknown. In São Paulo, for example, for more than seven thousand registered properties, but no technical working validation, according to Resende.
To turn the tide, “we are trying to bring some economic sectors to try to rescue some credibility in the process,” explains Jean Timmers, Public Policy Coordinator of WWF-Brazil. As explained the Sustainability manager at Cargill, Yuri Feres, who represented the Brazilian Association of Vegetable Oil Industries (Abiove) in the discussion that followed the presentations, “we have followed deforestation related to soybean eight years ago, but they lack the tools and CAR alone has the potential to help a lot in industry transparency. We are committed to this and building with partner organizations such as Greenpeace, IPAM, WWF and other endidades a new soybean governance agenda for the Amazon, “he said.
IPAM has discussed within the Center’s Code create a positive list of farmers with properties with more than four rural modules, more than 50% percent of forests and not deforested after 2008 (latest year for which deforestation fines can be anistiadas). In a preliminary survey in Pará about 3000 producers are in this situation and about a thousand have more than 80% of forests. “We have to separate the wheat from the chaff,” says André Lima, adviser for Public Policy IPAM, “making it possible to differentiate between good and evil producer.”
environmental lawyers Observatory members entities also viewed the newly published regulations loopholes that bring legal uncertainty. One is the possibility of revision of the recovery commitment deforested or degraded areas already made to incorporate amnesties brought about by the new Code. “The Supreme Court had already reached an understanding that the agreements already made are perfect legal acts and that the new law can not be retroactive to modify its terms. Despite the presented obstacles and problems, all agree that Brazil should have an environmental record and know the actual size of their environmental liabilities: “England did their environmental records in 1048 to regulate hunting,” recalls Roberta DelGiudice, environmental lawyer at BVRio. “And there are almost a thousand years,
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