Advances, challenges and prospects of the CAR in BahiaSaturday June 18th, 2016
With the theme “Monitoring the Rural Environmental Registration in Bahia ‘, the public hearing held on Wednesday, 15 in Salvador, met officials, environmentalists, farmers and representatives of social movements and civil society in the state Legislature.
Renato Cunha, of the Bahia Environmental Group (Possum), one of the event organizers, “Bahia need to move a lot and one of the big challenges is in family farming. The state has to support, must have an effective public policy to work on these registrations and environmental compliance. As the effort being made in western Bahia, this needs to be expanded to the region of the Atlantic Forest and Caatinga, involving more local governments and trade unions to be made possible in a timely manner. “
He says also that the CAR is one of the few advances that brought the Forest Code to improve the environmental issue in the rural environment.
Milene Maia, the Socio-Environmental Institute – ISA, attended the event representing the Center’s Forest Code (OCF) network which ISA part. In his speech, stressed the importance of thinking about the registration method to indigenous lands and quilombola territories, “are issues that are extremely open and that can bring harm to these traditional populations,” she emphasizes. She also highlighted the challenges of this process at the national level, “we need to expand the capacity of state and local governments to validate the registration,” he says.
The issue of unrestricted extension of the deadline for registration has been addressed, as a factor that undermines the credibility of the process. That was the point, even, that caught the attention of the farmers we talked to, who declined to be identified. “We had a great concern to meet the target by May 5 this year, but I have observed that those inconsistencies are hampering government registration, which can fall in disbelief,” he says.
Committed to sustainable management of their lands, he considers important CAR for environmental conservation. “We have to be attentive to the issue of climate change and that helps. It is also crucial to have a production planning, an area survey, we know how to deal with PPAs “he concludes.
Situation in the state
Data taken by Aldo Carvalho da Silva, advisor to the environmental agency of Bahia, Inema, realize that less than 10% of Bahia properties are registered to date. He attributes the difficulty in reaching more producers to lack of funding and the large extension of the state’s territory, with over 700,000 properties.
They are partnerships with external funders to register family farmers. They were reported in the audience two service experiences for the order. Aline Lion, the TNC, talked about project funded by Bunge that registered owners in western Bahia, area with large soy producers. Already Rafael Freire, the Structural Projects and Studies, reported a pilot process of sensitization, mobilization and registration in Bahia’s south coast, funded by the PDA and returned to the family farm.
The discussion of CEFIR as forest management tool did not happen in isolation and gifts made criticism of the environmental management of the state. The district attorney Cristina Seixas has heavily criticized the decree extinguishing the environmental licensing for agroforestry activities and said the state MP has urged the governor to decree revocation.
The public hearing was organized by the Parliamentary Front Environmentalist of Bahia, with the support of the Forest Code Observatory (OCF), the Environmental Group of Bahia (Opossum) and the Regional Council of Engineering and Agronomy of Bahia.
The action is part of the series of events held by Brazil, supported by OCF, focusing on disseminating knowledge about the Forest Code, promoting a balance of the four years of the new law. The next event will be on June 23 in Cuiabá. This year, other cities have received this debate: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte.